@datenext |

First possible date in next time period.

Syntax: @datenext(d, u[, step])

d: date number, series, vector

u: time unit string

step: (optional) integer, series, vector

Return: date number, series, vector

Finds the first possible date number in the next regular frequency period following d, defined by the given time unit u and optional step integer step. The regular frequency is defined relative to the basedate of midnight, January 2001.

• The valid time unit string values are: “A” or “Y” (annual), “S” (semi-annual), “Q” (quarters), “MM” (months), “WW” (weeks), “DD” (days), “B” (business days), “HH” (hours), “MI” (minutes), “SS” (seconds).

• If step is omitted, the frequency will use a step of 1, so that by default, @datenext will find the end of the period defined by the time unit.

Examples

Suppose that date1 is 730110.8 (7 PM, December 23, 1999).

Then the commands

@datenext(730110.8, "dd")

@datenext(730110.8, "mm")

yield 730111.0 (midnight, December 24, 1999) and 730119.0 (midnight, January 1, 2000), the date numbers for the beginning of the day and month following the date number 730110.8, respectively.

Similarly,

@datenext(730110.8, "hh", 3)

@datenext(730110.8, "hh", 6)

return 730110.875 (9 PM, December 23, 1999), and 730111 (midnight, December 24, 1999), which are the earliest date numbers for the subsequent 3 and 6 hour regular frequencies anchored at midnight, January 1, 2001.

If DSER is a series containing date numbers from the workfile structure

series dser1 = @datenext(dser, "mm")

gives the date number of the beginning of the next month for each observation in DSER in the workfile sample. You may use “@date” in place of DSER to obtain results using the built-in dates in the workfile structure.

If DVEC is a vector containing date numbers,

vector avec = @datenext(dvec, "y")

gives the first date number in the next year for each element of the vector.

Cross-references